• PGCL Moot Court Society

Cyber Attacks - A Constant Threat on National Security

Updated: Mar 7

- Ayden Pereira



Introduction

In today’s time technology has played a major role in one’s day to day life, people have everything on their fingertips, all their choices ranging from selecting their food to managing their bank account and to even choosing their life partner depends on technology, due to their vivacious modern lifestyle people have joined techno life and have been using More technologies for cyberspace purchases and financial transactions. Safeguarding their interests has become increasingly difficult and an arduous task. In addition, the heavy and excessive use and growth of social media, online crime or cybercrime has increased at an alarming rate. In the world of information technology, data security plays a very vital role.


Cyber security Challenges in the Nuclear Domain


Across the world, cyber security mechanism is becoming more convoluted and requires introspection to existing cyber laws that prevails in the country, it urgently requires advanced safety mechanisms to protect against system vulnerabilities and potential crises. Cyber threats are one of the biggest security challenges. This is especially important in the case of nuclear systems because cyber intrusions can render safety and security mechanisms ineffective.


India has a robust physical defense mechanism in place in the nuclear sector, and this has increased the likelihood of a cyber or blended attack given the rapid technological advancements in the field. As nuclear infrastructure becomes increasingly more integrated with cyber technologies, the risks of its hacking, disruption, and potential for sabotage also increases. As nuclear infrastructure becomes increasingly integrated with network technologies, the risks of attack, disruption, and sabotage also increase. The main goal of cyber-attacks is to exploit system vulnerabilities to control, execute and maintain their presence. Cyber-attacks can lead to the theft of nuclear/radioactive material, radiation release due to malicious intent of adversaries, theft of sensitive information about nuclear facilities, reactor design, and more. Access to nuclear facilities through cyber-attacks can lead to direct access to facilities, documents, and information, which adds which adds to the challenges of the interconnectedness of cyber and physical nuclear security. India's civilian and military nuclear programs have different security procedures with different priorities and degrees of secrecy. However, given the sensitive nature of a nuclear material, cyber security should be an integral part of India's nuclear security infrastructure. In order to adequately address the cyber security challenges faced in the context of India's nuclear program, it is essential to analyze the current policy framework as well as identify the vulnerabilities that we are exposed to that the systems protect against nuclear weapons.


Cyber Security Challenges in Techno space


Cyber security is a bigger threat than any other spectrum of technology. Cyber criminals have begun to abuse technology-controlled devices to repel cyber crime such as fraud and theft.


With technology now becoming the backbone of many businesses, establishments, institutions and even basic lifestyles, it is worrying that India does not have a dedicated cyber security law and some Guidelines can be inferred from the IT Act[1]. The Act also amended various sections of the IPC [2]the Indian Evidence Act, 1872, the Banker's Book Evidence Act, 1891, and the RBI Act[3] to make them compliant with new technologies The Digital India Initiative is leading our country towards a digital life where survival will depend heavily on factors like cloud computing, 5G in telecommunications, e-commerce, etc.


It’s challenges are -


Digital Data: Generic market information creates treasured intellectual property which is an attractive target for the hackers as they look to target the IP and steal data.


Hacking: This act of entering someone's system in an unauthorized way to steal or destroy data, has increased a hundredfold in recent years.


Phishing: It is the act of sending fake emails and texts and making web pages look like they come from genuine companies.


What are Future Trends in Cyber security?


Cloud-based cyber security: Cloud security is a field of cyber security dedicated to securing cloud computing systems. This includes maintaining the confidentiality and security of data across infrastructure, applications, and online platforms. This offers many advantages over traditional security strategies. However, cloud adoption practices have improved, and even cyber-attacks are becoming more sophisticated. In 2020, due to the pandemic, cloud adoption has taken precedence, and cyber security has evolved with it.


AI-enabled Cyber security: It’s not manually possible to keep up with the constant cyber-attacks. Artificial Intelligence is used to strengthen the security system. The speed of response improves considerably.


Data Analytics:Data analytics can be one of the most effective tools that help in predicting and preventing cyber crimes. A strong digitalized system goes a long way in assisting in cyberspace.


Indian Government’s Role in Cyberspace


As a country, we continue to face wars to protect our sovereignty, jurisdiction, and privacy from the intrusive and anonymous threats that predominate in cyberspace. The advent of the epidemic last year resulted in a greater reliance on technology, as well as a greater acceptance of interconnected gadgets and hybrid work environments.


As a nation, we continue to wage wars to protect our sovereignty, jurisdiction, and privacy from the infiltration and anonymous threats that dominate the cyber arena. The pandemic that broke out last year resulted in a greater reliance on technology, along with greater adoption of connected devices and hybrid workplaces. This makes us more digitally vulnerable than ever before. Indian Government data has recorded a mammoth 1.16 million cyber security cases in 2020, a spike of 3x from 2019. Cyber security attacks have increased to 12, 13,784 by October 2021.


The NCSP[4] issued by the government of India outlined several strategies to combat cyber security threats, but the revised security policy is the need of the hour. The absence of a comprehensive cyber security policy is evident and increases vulnerability.


The Government of India has launched a digital initiative to create a secure cyber space for users in India by detecting botnet infections. "Cyber Swachhta Kendra" is a part of the 's Digital India initiative which is set up in accordance with the objectives of the "National Cyber Security Policy", it’s vision is to create a secure cyber ecosystem in the country. The Indian Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-In) is operating this center under provisions of Section 70B of the Information Technology Act, 2000. The constituency of CERT-In is the Indian Cyber Community.

Alarmed at the growing rate of danger cyber-attacks and threats to National Security the government is in a process of setting up a Unified cyber security task force by March, with a special focus on risks emanating from the telecom sector.


Conclusion


Cyber security is a broad topic that has become increasingly important as the world becomes more and more interconnected, with networks used to conduct critical transactions.


Cyber criminals continue to follow different paths with each passing year, and so does information security. The latest and groundbreaking technologies, coupled with new network tools and threats that emerge every day, challenge organizations not only on how they secure their infrastructure but how they require new platforms and intelligence to do so. There is no perfect solution for cybercrimes, but we must do our best to minimize them in order to have a safe and secure future in cyber space.

Ayden Pereira is a second year student at SVKM's Pravin Gandhi College of Law, Mumbai.


(aydenpereira20@gmail.com)



[1] Information Technology Act, 2000. [2] Indian Penal Code, 1860. [3] Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934.

[4] "National Cyber Security Policy-2013.


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